Tennessee Administrative Office of the Courts

Workers' Compensation Opinions

Format: 04/24/2015
Format: 04/24/2015
Arnold Harris v. Mr. Bult's Inc.
E2014-00961-SC-R3-WC
Pursuant to Tennessee Supreme Court Rule 51, this workers’ compensation appeal has been referred to the Special Workers’ Compensation Appeals Panel for a hearing and a report of findings of fact and conclusions of law. Arnold Harris (“Employee”) injured his left shoulder in the course and scope of his employment with Mr. Bult’s, Inc. (“Employer”). The Chancery Court for Loudon County (“the Trial Court”) found that Employee did not have a meaningful return to work and awarded 40% permanent partial disability. Employer has appealed, arguing that the Trial Court erred in finding that Employee did not have a meaningful return to work. We affirm the Trial Court’s judgment.
 
Authoring Judge: Judge D. Michael Swiney
Originating Judge: Chancellor Frank V. Williams
Loudon County Workers Compensation Panel 04/23/15
Suzanne King v. Greene County School System
E2014-00484-SC-R3-WC

An employee injured her back in a fall while working for her employer. The trial court assessed an 8% impairment to the body as a whole and awarded permanent partial disability benefits. The employer appealed, arguing that the employee failed to prove causation and that the trial court erred in obligating the employer to pay unauthorized medical expenses. After our review of the record, we affirm the trial court's judgment.

Authoring Judge: Judge D. Kelly Thomas, Jr.
Originating Judge: Judge Thomas Wright
Greene County Workers Compensation Panel 04/14/15
Danny Dew v. Rees-Memphis, Inc., et al.
W2013-02528-SC-WCM-WC

An employee filed this action, seeking to compel his former employer to pay for a surgical procedure pursuant to the medical provision of a settlement approved by the Department of Labor and Workforce Development. The trial court granted the employer’s motion to dismiss on the ground that the action was barred by the one-year statute of limitations contained in Tennessee Code Annotated § 50-6-224(a)(3). The employee has appealed, arguing that § 50-6-224 does not apply to actions for post-judgment medical treatment. The employer seeks an award of attorney’s fees pursuant to Tennessee Code Annotated § 20-12-119. The appeal has been referred to the Special Workers’ Compensation Appeals Panel for a hearing and a report of findings of fact and conclusions of law in accordance with Tennessee Supreme Court Rule 51. We affirm the judgment.

Authoring Judge: Judge Donald E. Parish
Originating Judge: Chancellor Tony A. Childress
Dyer County Workers Compensation Panel 04/13/15
Ariana Samadi v. Hilton Hotels Corp. D/B/A Embassy Suites Nashville Airport
M2014-00958-SC-R3-WC

The employee filed a worker’s compensation action seeking reconsideration of a prior worker’s compensation settlement. The employer argued the employee was fired for misconduct which consisted of failing to complete reasonable work related tasks, and therefore, the employee was ineligible for reconsideration under Tennessee Code Annotated section 50-6-241(d)(2)(B) (2008). The trial court held the employee’s refusal did not constitute misconduct because it was based upon a reasonable belief she could not complete the tasks assigned to her because of her prior work-related injury. The employer has appealed from this decision. Pursuant to Tennessee Supreme Court Rule 51, this workers’ compensation appeal has been referred to the Special Workers’ Compensation Appeals Panel for a hearing and a report of findings of fact and conclusions of law. We affirm the judgment of the trial court.

Authoring Judge: Senior Judge Don R. Ash
Originating Judge: Judge Joe P. Binkley, Jr.
Davidson County Workers Compensation Panel 03/31/15
Alexander Knight v. Publix Supermarkets, Inc. et al
M2014-00126-SC-R3-WC

A grocery store employee alleged that he sustained an injury to his back at work and that he also sustained a mental injury as a result of the back injury. His employer denied that he suffered a permanent physical injury or any mental injury at all. The trial court awarded benefits for both injuries. The employer has appealed, asserting that the evidence preponderates against the trial court’s findings. The appeal has been referred to the Special Workers’ Compensation Appeals Panel for a hearing and a report of findings of fact and conclusions of law pursuant to Tennessee Supreme Court Rule 51. We affirm the judgment.

Authoring Judge: Justice Cornelia A. Clark
Originating Judge: Judge Jim T. Hamilton
Maury County Workers Compensation Panel 03/31/15
James Autwell v. Back Yard Burgers, Inc., et al.
W2014-00232-SC-R3-WC

The employee was injured in a motor vehicle accident while driving from doing a personal task in Alabama to a meeting for his employer in Mississippi.  The employer denied his workers’ compensation claim, so the employee filed this lawsuit.  The trial court awarded benefits based on a finding that the claimant was a “traveling employee.”  Its holding also implied, in the alternative, that the employee was on a “special errand” for the employer.  The employer has appealed.  The appeal has been referred to the Special Workers’ Compensation Appeals Panel for a hearing and a report of findings of fact and conclusions of law pursuant to Tennessee Supreme Court Rule 51.  We conclude that the injury did not arise from or in the course of the employment, and therefore, reverse the award of benefits to the employee

Authoring Judge: Justice Holly Kirby
Originating Judge: Judge Robert Childers
Shelby County Workers Compensation Panel 03/16/15
Eric Bike v. Johnson & Johnson Health Care Systems, Inc., et al.
W2013-02728-SC-WCM-WC

An employee injured his knee while stepping off of a pallet.  The trial court found that the injury was idiopathic and denied the employee’s claim for workers’ compensation benefits.  The employee appealed.   We reverse the trial court’s judgment.  

Authoring Judge: Judge Tony A. Childress
Originating Judge: Judge Kenny W. Armstrong
Shelby County Workers Compensation Panel 03/13/15
Vaness Hobbs v. Auto-Owners Mutual Insurance Company
M2014-00532-SC-WCM-WC

The sole issue presented in this workers’ compensation appeal is whether the trial court correctly found that the employee did not have a meaningful return to work. The employee, a Head Start teacher, sustained a compensable back injury.  She continued to work for about a year but then was not rehired because she had failed to meet a federal education mandate.  The trial court found that she had not made a meaningful return to work and awarded benefits in excess of one and one half times the an atomic alimpairment. Tenn. Code. Ann. § 50-6-241(d). The employer’s appeal has been referred to the Special Workers’ Compensation Appeals Panel for a hearing and a report of findings of fact and conclusions of law in accordance with Tennessee Supreme Court Rule 51. We reverse the trial court’s finding and remand for entry of a judgment based on one and one-half times the anatomical impairment.

Authoring Judge: Senior Judge Ben H. Cantrell
Originating Judge: Chancellor Laurence M. McMillan
Montgomery County Workers Compensation Panel 01/23/15
Eddie Roy Davis v. Youth Emergency Shelter et al.
E2014-00133-SC-R3-WC

The trial court awarded permanent total disability benefits to the employee for bilateral carpal tunnel syndrome. It apportioned the award between the employer and the Second Injury Fund. Both have appealed. Pursuant to Tennessee Supreme Court Rule 51, the appeal has been referred to the Special Workers’ Compensation Appeals Panel for a hearing and a report of findings of fact and conclusions of law. We affirm the trial court in its award for permanent and total disability benefits for a subsequent scheduled member injury.

Authoring Judge: Judge Don R. Ash
Originating Judge: Judge Michael A. Faulk
Hamblen County Workers Compensation Panel 01/15/15
Sarah Elizabeth Adams v. State of Tennessee
W2014-00540-SC-R3-WC

An employee injured her shoulder while working for her employer and failed to make a meaningful return to work. The Claims Commission awarded the employee 55% permanent partial disability. The employer appealed, arguing that the award is excessive 1 because the Commissioner erred in assessing an 11% anatomical impairment rating and in applying a five times multiplier. We modify the Commissioner’s judgment, and affirm as modified.

Authoring Judge: Justice Holly M. Kirby
Originating Judge: Nancy C. Miller-Herron, Commissioner
Workers Compensation Panel 01/05/15
Chad Seigmund v. Bellsouth Telecommunications, LLC, et al
M2014-00234-SC-R3-WC

In December 2011, Chad Seigmund (“Employee”) was involved in a motor vehicle accident in the course of his employment. His employer, Bellsouth Telecommunications, LLC (“Employer”) provided medical treatment but denied that Employee sustained permanent impairment or disability. Following a trial, the trial court found that Employee had sustained permanent disability and awarded Employee 16.5% permanent partial disability to the body as a whole. Employer has appealed, contending that the evidence preponderates against the permanent disabilityfinding. In accordance with Tennessee Supreme Court Rule 51, the appeal has been referred to the Special Workers’ Compensation Appeals Panel for a hearing and a report of findings of fact and conclusions of law. After a thorough review of the record and the applicable law, we affirm the judgment of the trial court.

Authoring Judge: Justice Jeffrey S. Bivins
Originating Judge: Chancellor Vanessa Jackson
Coffee County Workers Compensation Panel 12/30/14
Joseph E. Peek v. Tri-Green Equipment, LLC, et al
M2013-02731-SC-R3-WC

An employee was exposed to a chemical in the course of his employment. He alleged that he developed a disabling pulmonary condition as a result of the exposure.  His employer denied that the condition was caused by the exposure. The trial court found for the employee and awarded permanent partial disability and other benefits.  The employer has appealed, contending that the evidence preponderates against the finding of causation.  The appeal has been referred to the  Special Workers’ Compensation Appeals Panel for a hearing and a report of findings of fact and conclusions of law pursuant to Tennessee Supreme Court Rule 51.  We affirm the judgment.  

Authoring Judge: Senior Judge Paul G. Summers
Originating Judge: Judge John Maddux
Putnam County Workers Compensation Panel 12/30/14
Gary Collier v. McEvoy Funeral Home, Inc. et al.
W2014-00061-SC-R3-WC

A funeral director sustained injuries to his shoulder and back while assisting with carrying a casket. His injury was accepted as compensable. Within a few days, he submitted a letter of resignation to his employer. After recovering from his injuries, he filed this action seeking permanent disability benefits. He also sought reconsideration of a previous settlement pursuant to Tennessee Code Annotated section 50-6-241(d). His employer asserted that the employee was not entitled to reconsideration of the earlier settlement and that any award for his later injury was subject to the one and one-half times impairment cap because of his voluntary resignation. The trial court found that the employee did not voluntarily resign, granted the petition for reconsideration, and awarded benefits for the second injury in excess of the cap. The employer appealed. The appeal has been referred to the Special Workers’ Compensation Appeals Panel for a hearing and a report of findings of fact and conclusions of law pursuant to Tennessee Supreme Court Rule 51. We affirm the judgment of the trial court.

Authoring Judge: Judge Brandon O. Gibson
Originating Judge: Judge Don R. Ash
Carroll County Workers Compensation Panel 12/29/14
John Moran v. United Parcel Service, Inc., et al
M2014-00039-SC-R3-WC

An employee injured his left shoulder in 2005. He returned to work for his employer and settled his workers’ compensation claim. In 2011, he had recurrent symptoms in the shoulder. Eventually, hemade a claimfor benefits, alleging thathehad sustained a new injury. His employer contended that his symptoms were caused by the earlier injury and that he was entitled only to medical care under the previous settlement.  The trial court found that the employee had sustained a new injury and awarded permanent partialand temporary total disability benefits. Theemployerhas appealed. Pursuant to Tennessee Supreme Court Rule 51, the appeal has been referred to the SpecialWorkers’ Compensation Appeals Panel for a hearing and a report offindings of fact and conclusions of law.  We affirm the judgment.

Authoring Judge: Senior Judge Paul G. Summers
Originating Judge: Judge Larry Wallace
Cheatham County Workers Compensation Panel 12/26/14
James Patterson v. Prime Package & Label Co., LLC
M2013-01527-SC-WCM-WC

This workers’ compensation appeal involves the application of the recently enacted pain management provisions of Tenn. Code Ann. § 50-6-204(j) (2014). An employee who sustained a work-related injury in 2007 settled his workers’ compensation claim with his employer in 2010. The settlement enabled the employee to continue receiving pain management treatment from a physician in Lebanon, Tennessee. The employee moved to Vonore, Tennessee in late 2012. Because his pain-management physician was now 162 miles away, the employee requested his former employer to provide a new panel of pain management physicians closer to his new residence. The employer declined, citing Tenn. Code Ann. § 50-6-204(j)(2)(A) that exempts pain-management physicians who live within 175 miles of the employee from the general statutory “community” residence requirement. The employee filed a motion in the Circuit Court for Rutherford County to compel the employer to provide a new doctor. The trial court held that the new 175-mile rule did not apply to the employee’s claim and ordered the employer to provide a new panel of pain management physicians. The employer has appealed to the Special Workers’ Compensation Appeals Panel in accordance with Tenn. Sup. Ct. R. 51. We reverse the judgment of the trial court.

Authoring Judge: Justice William C. Koch, Jr.
Originating Judge: Judge J. Mark Rogers
Rutherford County Workers Compensation Panel 12/22/14
Toney R. Gonzales v. J.W. Carell Enterprises, LLC d/b/a Careall Home Care Services-Knoxville/McMinnville
E2013-02072-SC-R3-WC

In this workers’ compensation action, the employee alleged that he suffered a compensable injury to his lower back. The trial court ruled for the employer, finding that the employee was not a credible witness and had failed to carry his burden of proof. The employee appealed to the Special Workers’ Compensation Appeals Panel for a hearing and a report of findings of fact and conclusions of law pursuant to Tennessee Supreme Court Rule 51. At issue in this appeal is whether the trial court abused its discretion by admitting into evidence records from the employee’s Social Security Disability proceedings and whether the evidence preponderates against the trial court’s decision that the employee failed to sustain his burden of proof. After a careful review, we find no error and affirm the trial court’s decision.

Authoring Judge: Justice Sharon G. Lee
Originating Judge: Judge Dale Workman
Knox County Workers Compensation Panel 12/17/14
Kevin Hudson v. Kroger Limited Partnership I
W2013-02181-SC-WCM-WC

An employee injured his head, neck, and back in a tractor-trailer accident while working for his employer. The employee was ultimately diagnosed with a nerve-entrapment condition, which the employer denied was caused by the accident. The trial court found in the employee’s favor and awarded benefits. The employer appeals asserting that the trial court erred in excluding the expert testimony of an accident reconstruction engineer on the issue of causation. After a thorough review of the record, we conclude that the trial court erred by excluding portions of the expert’s testimony. Despite the error, the judgment of the trial court is supported by a preponderance of the evidence and is affirmed.

Authoring Judge: Judge Jon Kerry Blackwood
Originating Judge: Judge Arnold B. Goldin
Shelby County Workers Compensation Panel 11/24/14
Thomas L. Keller v. Thyssenkrupp Elevator Corporation
W2013-02529-SC-WCM-WC

An employee sustained a work-related injury to his back and leg and returned to work but eventually resigned due to his continued back and leg pain. The trial court found that the employee established a compensable injury, did not have a meaningful return to work, and awarded sixty-eight percent permanent partial disability benefits. The employer appealed, alleging that the trial court erred in finding that the employee did not have a meaningful return to work and in awarding excessive benefits. We affirm the trial court’s judgment.

Authoring Judge: Judge Donald P. Harris
Originating Judge: Chancellor Martha B. Brasfield
Hardeman County Workers Compensation Panel 11/21/14
C. Douglas Jones v. CVS Pharmacy, Inc.
E2013-02451-SC-R3-WC

The employee alleged that he sustained a compensable back injury when a stool on which he was sitting collapsed, causing him to fall to the ground. His treating physician opined that he sustained permanent impairment as a result of the incident. Two evaluating doctors opined that his symptoms were related to a prior motor vehicle accident. The employee had not informed the treating physician of the prior motor vehicle accident nor of his prior history of back pain. The trial court found that he did not suffer a compensable injury. The employee has appealed. The appeal has been referred to the Special Workers’ Compensation Appeals Panel for a hearing and a report of findings of fact and conclusions of law pursuant to Tennessee Supreme Court Rule 51. We affirm the judgment.

Authoring Judge: Judge Deborah C. Stevens
Originating Judge: Chancellor Michael W. Moyers
Knox County Workers Compensation Panel 11/20/14
Teresa G. Moore v. Knox County Government, et al.
E2013-01552-SC-WC-R3

The employee sustained a compensable shoulder injury when she fell from a ladder while removing Christmas decorations. The trial court determined that the employee had sustained a 7% anatomical impairment, awarded her 21% permanent partial disability (“PPD”) benefits, and denied her claim for temporary disability benefits. The employer has appealed, asserting that the trial court erred by awarding benefits in excess of one and one-half times the anatomical impairment. The employee contends that the trial court erred by denying her temporary disability claim. The appeal has been referred to the Special Workers’ Compensation Appeals Panel for a hearing and a report of findings of fact and conclusions of law pursuant to Tennessee Supreme Court Rule 51. We conclude that the trial court erred by awarding PPD benefits in excess of one and one-half times the impairment. We affirm the judgment in all other respects.

Authoring Judge: Judge Jon Kerry Blackwood
Originating Judge: Judge Harold Wimberly
Knox County Workers Compensation Panel 11/12/14
Patricia Hawkins v. Maury County Board of Education, et al.
M2013-01083-WC-R3-WC

The employee filed a workers compensation action alleging that she suffered a lower back injury in the course of her employment as a school counselor. Her employer denied the claim. The trial court found that the employee failed to prove that the injury had occurred in the course and scope of her employment and dismissed the case. Judgment was entered accordingly, and the employee appealed. The appeal was referred to the Special Workers Compensation Appeals Panel for a hearing and a report of findings of fact and conclusions of law. We affirm the judgment of the trial court.

Authoring Judge: Special Judge E. Riley Anderson
Originating Judge: Judge Robert L. Holloway, Jr.
Maury County Workers Compensation Panel 10/23/14
Ben J. Mosby v. McDowell Center for Children
W2012-02715-WC-R3-WC

The employee alleged that he sustained a compensable workers’ compensation injury to his left shoulder and knee from a fall at work. The employer denied the claim. The trial court found that the employee did not comply with the notice statute, Tenn. Code Ann. §50-6-201(a)(2008) and dismissed the claim. The employee has appealed, contending that the trial court’s notice ruling was erroneous. The appeal has been referred to the Special Workers’ Compensation Appeals Panel for a hearing and a report of findings of fact and conclusions of law in accordance with Tennessee Supreme Court Rule 51. We find that the evidence does not preponderate against the trial court’s finding and affirm the judgment.

Authoring Judge: Judge Paul G. Summers
Originating Judge: Judge Martha B. Brasfield
Lauderdale County Workers Compensation Panel 10/02/14
Kristen Ball v. Regions Financial Corporation, et al.
W2013-02454-SC-R3-WC

An employee fell in the bathroom at her place of employment and reported pain in her right shoulder and hip. She was treated and released by her authorized physician. Approximately five months after the fall, she developed left knee pain. Five more months later, she developed pain her left hip and lower back. The employee’s knee and back conditions ultimately required surgery, but her employer denied that the fall at work caused her conditions. The trial court disagreed and awarded benefits for the knee and back injuries. The employer appealed. After a thorough review of the record, we conclude that the evidence preponderates against the trial court’s finding that the employee sustained a permanent, work-related injury to her back. We otherwise affirm the judgment of the trial court and remand the case to the trial court for further proceedings.

Authoring Judge: Judge Jon Kerry Blackwood
Originating Judge: Judge Hope B. Calabro
Shelby County Workers Compensation Panel 10/02/14
Russell Kyle v. State Farm Fire & Casualty Company
W2013-01505-WC-R3-WC

An insurance adjuster was injured when he fell from a ladder after inspecting a roof for his employer. Consistent with a voluntary agreement with his employer, the employee received sick leave payments in lieu of temporary total disability payments. After returning to work for two months, the employee retired. In addition to the employee’s medical records, the parties introduced into evidence the deposition of a physician selected through the Medical Impairment Registry. The physician assigned an impairment of nine percent to the body as a whole. The trial court, however, awarded permanent disability benefits based on an impairment of fourteen percent and awarded additional temporary total disability benefits. The trial court also granted the employer a setoff for payments made to the employee pursuant to his accrued sick leave. The employer appealed. We conclude that the trial court erred by awarding a set-off of the payments made under the employer’s sick leave policy and by adopting an impairment rating other than that assigned by the MIR physician. We remand the case for additional proceedings and findings by the trial court.

Authoring Judge: Judge Donald P. Harris
Originating Judge: Judge Robert L. Childers
Shelby County Workers Compensation Panel 10/02/14
Dana Automotive Systems Group, LLC, et al. v. Larry Evans
W2013-01960-SC-R3-WC

An employee developed carpal tunnel syndrome while working as a welder and supervisor for his employer. Prior to receiving medical treatment and unrelated to the injury, the employer gave the employee a choice to retire or potentially lose his substantial pension. The trial court held that the Medical Impairment Registry physician’s rating was incorrect and that the statutory one and one-half cap on permanent partial disability benefits did not apply. The employer appealed.  After a thorough review of the record, we reverse in part and affirm in part.

Authoring Judge: Judge J. S. "Steve" Daniel
Originating Judge: Judge Clayburn Peeples
Gibson County Workers Compensation Panel 10/02/14